Construction Document Requirements in Texas
Construction documents comprise of all building plans, specifications, and supporting documents that are utilized during the completion of a construction project. These documents serve various purposes like translating the requirements to the owner or developer into a buildable format that can be commonly understood within the construction industry. Besides, they also permit the owner to put the project out for bid and to gain permits from local authorities. Construction documents offer comprehensive instructions to the contractor as to the way a project should be constructed.
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have developed requirements for construction sites that affect one or more acre of land or a common plan of development that is supposed to affect one or more acre of land. These regulations require applicable construction sites to conform to the Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (TPDES) Construction General Permit.
Developing a set of documents for any construction project starts with the developer and this could include a medical facility, a store operator, a school district, or a government agency. To create the design, the owner approaches an architect who drafts several sets of building plans which can be later modified by the owner at each stage before design can continue. The final set of plan is referred to as the 100% construction documents.
The most significant part of a completed document set includes building drawings or plans that include everything from floor plans to finish selections. The plans include architectural drawings and elevations, followed by structural, mechanical and electrical drawings.
|Apartment, 1-3 Story Construction Cost Assumptions|
|Location||Jersey City, New Jersey|
|Location||Jersey City, New Jersey|
|Story Height (L.F.)||10.00|
|Floor Area (S.F.)||22500|
|Data Release||Year 2013|
The specifications manual, included in a set of construction documents is a written project manual that covers materials and methods that are to be used in constructing the project. The manual often contains information that are not included in the plans, hence it is important not to overlook the project manual.
Whenever there are changes made in the completed set of documents, the official changes are issued in the form of change bulletins with supplemental instructions, and change directives. These written changes become an official part of the documents, and are considered as a vital component that makes up the set.
The main document in the submittal package is the completed final set of construction plans and specifications which is signed and sealed. Depending on the nature of the project, the contractor should also include other supplemental information in the submittal package apart from the construction plans and specifications. The supplemental reports included in the submittal package should address the specific requirements and considerations outlined in the guidelines.
Submittals include drawings, material data, samples, etc. and are basically meant for the architect and engineer to ensure that the right products in appropriate quantities are used and installed on the project. The submittal process affects cost, schedule, quality, and project success. The submittal process involves various different materials, fabrications and equipment like windows, elevators, cabinets, air handling units, appliances and others. These building components require close coordination to make sure that they receive appropriate power, fuel, maintenance and structural support. The submittal process gives another level of detail that are not included as part of the design documents.
If the contractor or the owner requires additional approved copies of the construction plans and specifications for their own records or for distribution, the number of additional copies needed should be included in the submittal package.