Construction Codes in Texas
The Texas statutes, administrative rules, and local ordinances at times adopt, include, or refer to technical codes that are published by independent organizations. These codes describe scientific and safety standards for building structures and analyze the specifications for fire safety, construction practices, electrical systems, disaster mitigation, plumbing fixtures, etc.
Contractors and builders in Texas should be well informed about important developments and modifications in the codes arena and regulations affecting housing accessibility for persons with special requirements or disabilities. Building codes offer minimum standards for safety, health, and general welfare including structural integrity, mechanical integrity including water supply, sanitation, ventilation and light, fire prevention and control, means of egress, and energy conservation.
The provisions of this code are applicable to construction, enlargement, alteration, replacement, repair, maintenance, equipment, use and occupancy, location, movement, removal and demolition of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures.
Jurisdictions authorized by state law to adopt later editions of IBC, IRC, IMC, IPC, IFGC, and IECC. Given below is the Jurisdiction Chart for specific edition of Building Codes adopted by the State of Texas:
- 2006 International Building Code (2006 IBC)
- 2006 International Residential Code (2006 IRC)
- 2006 International Fire Code (IFC 2006)
- 2006 International Mechanical Code (2006 IMC)
- 2006 International Plumbing Code (2006 IPC)
- 2006 International Fuel Gas Code (2006 IFGC)
- 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (2006 IECC)
- 2006 International Existing Building Code (2006 IEBC)
Specialty contractor licensing are often required but general contractor licensing is not required by the State of Texas, besides local jurisdictions may also require licensing. The construction codes that are handled by local jurisdictions include:
- International Private Sewage Disposal Code (IPSDC)(2006 IBC)
- International Property Maintenance Code (IPMC)
- International Code Council Performance Code (ICCPC)
- International Urban Wildlife Interface Code (IUWIC)
- International Zoning Code (IZC)
Contractors should also follow the building planning as it is an integral part of the construction code followed in Texas. It includes:
- Wind Limitations
- Corrosion Resistance
- Seaward Areas
- Inland Areas
In some cases, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern. In case there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement is applicable.